This documentation is for Dovecot v2.x, see wiki1 for v1.x documentation.

Post-login scripting

If you want to do something special after authentication, but before beginning the IMAP or POP3 session, you can do this by telling imap/pop3 executable to use post-login service:

service imap {
  executable = imap imap-postlogin
}

# The service name below doesn't actually matter.
service imap-postlogin {
  executable = script-login /usr/local/bin/postlogin.sh

  # the script process runs as the user specified here
  user = root
  unix_listener imap-postlogin {
  }
}

You can run multiple post-login scripts by just giving multiple scripts as parameters to script-login, for example:

  executable = script-login rawlog /usr/local/bin/postlogin.sh /usr/local/bin/postlogin2.sh

Running environment

Standard input and output file descriptors are redirected to the client's network socket, so you can send data to client by simply writing to stdout. Standard error fd is redirected to Dovecot's error log, you can write errors there as well.

The script can use environment variables:

It's possible to add/modify userdb fields by adding them to environment and adding the field to USERDB_KEYS. For example to change user's mail location:

export MAIL=maildir:/tmp/test
export USERDB_KEYS="$USERDB_KEYS mail"
exec "$@"

You can change any Dovecot settings using the above method.

Last-login tracking

If you want to know when the user last logged in, you can do it like this:

#!/bin/sh
# a) Filesystem based timestamp in user's home directory
touch ~/.last_login
# b) SQL based tracking. Beware of potential SQL injection holes if you allow
# users to have ' characters in usernames.
#echo "update last_login = now WHERE user = '$USER'" | mysql mails
exec "$@"

Note: if creating a timestamp inside the Maildir itself, it's better to avoid filenames which begin with a dot. The IMAP "list" command will show such files as IMAP folders, unless you also set maildir_stat_dirs = yes which generates more I/O ops.

Custom mailbox location autodetection

See MailLocation for an example.

Alerts

If you want to give the user's client some warning notification, you can do it just by writing it to stdout. But note:

#!/bin/sh
if [ -f ~/.out-of-office ]; then
  printf "* OK [ALERT] You're still marked as being out of office.\r\n"
fi
exec "$@"

Use UNIX groups for ACL authorization

#!/bin/sh
ACL_GROUPS=`groups $USER | tr ' '  ','`
export ACL_GROUPS
exec "$@"

Denying connection from some IP/User

You can use the IP and USER shell variables that are setup by dovecot in a bash script in order to deny connection (after a successful login), like this:

if [ "$USER" = "myuser" ] ; then
  printf "* NO [ALERT] The user '$USER' can not login\r\n"
  exit 0
fi

if [ ! "$IP" = "192.168.1.1" ] ; then
  printf "* NO [ALERT] Access not allowed from the Internet\r\n"
  exit 0
fi
exec "$@"

You can also use